What is a Foreclosure or Court Ordered Sale?
In British Columbia, Foreclosure, is the judicial sale process that occurs when a borrower defaults on the payment of a mortgage The petitioner or any of the respondents, (i.e. 1st, 2nd or 3rd Mortgagee) can apply for a judicial sale, also known as a court-ordered sale, which will be carried out under the supervision of the court.
Foreclosure So simple a Cartoon can Explain it
The judicial sale begins with a Demand Letter to the borrower, giving the borrower a short amount of time to pay out their mortgage.Then a petition is filed in the BC Supreme Court registry, which starts an action: The Order Nisi, which fixes the time for redemption. The redemption period, usually six months, is the time period given to the borrower to redeem the mortgage, as well as the amount required. Where a lender (respondent) applies for such an order, he or she may satisfy the court that the value of the property is high enough to satisfy the costs of the sale and the claim of the petitioner. If the property is sold by judicial sale, the petitioner is entitled to recover the difference between the sale proceeds and the mortgage debt from the borrower.Once a petitioner or respondent has been granted a conduct of sale, they act in the role of the vendor pursuant to the Court Order, only for purposes of disposition of the asset, and can now list the property for sale with a realtor.
When a party has expressed an interest in making an offer, their realtor or the selling agent will draft an offer, directed at the Vendor (usually one of the Mortgagees.) At this point their realtor should confirm that the purchaser understands that although they will be negotiating with the vendor and a deal may be agreed on, there is still a possibility that, when the offer is presented to the courts, the buyer may not win the home as the offer may be subject to a sealed bid process by other purchasers.
Once the offer is made and the terms are agreed to, the Purchaser commences their Subject Period.If the purchaser removes their subjects, the offer will be presented to the court. In the Courtroom. Often the subjects must be removed before a court date is set, so the buyer risks losing the cost associated with the building inspection and any otehr cost incured by the buyer.
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